20. How to Use “According to”

According to Sidney J. Harris,

Means

Sidney J. Harris says that …

Examples:

According to Sidney J. Harris, too many teachers try to stuff education into students.

According to Sidney J. Harris, “Pupils are more like oysters than sausages.”

According to Sidney J. Harris, most people “think of a pupil as a sort of inanimate sausage casing.”

The first time you mention an author, you should offer more information about them:

According to Sidney J. Harris, a 20th-century journalist who wrote for Chicago newspapers, “Pupils are more like oysters than sausages.”

Here are two templates to use:

According to + name of author + in + title of book or article, + complete sentence in a paraphrase or quotation.

In + title of book or article, name of author + says/states/argues + that + complete sentence in a paraphrase or quotation.

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